The Dutchman’s Cap is a narrow strip of the Baltic seaside, located near Karklė – the only Lithuanian village, situated near the sea to this day. Today the location belongs to the reserve of the Seaside Regional Park. Its rather small territory features the highest steep seaside shore in Lithuania (more than 24 m), referred to as the Great Seaside Bluff. According to scientists, it was created 12 000–15 000 years ago during the last Baltic glaciation. The impressive view of the sea from the cliff attracts crowds of tourists all year round. Among other versions of the origin of the location’s name, is one stating that the name of the Dutchman’s Cap was determined by its shape: from the side of the sea the line of the shore with the cliff reminds of a Dutch style fisherman’s hat, thus becoming a clearly-distinguishable navigational guide. Unfortunately, this unique natural object is now subject to strong erosion by the sea and ground waters, more and more often resulting in landslides, which also take down century-old forest trees. Other changes are not that obvious.
What is also unique about the Dutchman’s Cap is the amount of boulders and stones washed by the sea. Some of the impressive boulders, dating back to the ice age, still sit in the water not so far from the shore. Namely here you can observe the slow, but constant changes of the seaside – a kind of a journey of these boulders, with some of them emerging and others – hiding under the sea. However, these movements in the water or on the shore can be noticed only be someone constantly visiting.
Danguolė Ruškienė 2017